Tag: direct2d

Entries for tag "direct2d", ordered from most recent. Entry count: 3.

Warning! Some information on this page is older than 6 years now. I keep it for reference, but it probably doesn't reflect my current knowledge and beliefs.

Pages: 1

# Direct2D versus Direct3D

May 2012

Direct2D library is not a completely new graphics API down to the driver level. It internally creates and uses Direct3D 10 device object. Of course it is a powerful library, not just a thin wrapper. But still everything ends up as a bunch of trianges uploaded to the buffer with Map/Unmap and sent to the GPU to be rendered using some vertex and pixel shader. PIX clearly shows all this:

Direct2D in PIX

As a result, Direct2D is able to exchange data with Direct3D 10. Unfortunately it's not the case with Direct3D 11. Topic How to use D2D with D3D11? at gamedev.net forum describes solution to this, full of problems and COM interface manipulation. Post DirectX Componentization and Interoperability by BenCon on DirectX Developer Blog nicely explains interop between different graphics API-s in Windows as a bigger picture. There is also a nasty hack to make D2D work (almost) directly with D3D11, described in post Hacking Direct2D to use directly Direct3D 11 instead of Direct3D 10.1 API on Code4k blog. But no clean and easy way exists.

So I give up with Direct2D for now. All in all, everything can be done by rendering triangles directly in Direct3D :P One thing I'll be missing is the perspective of easy high-quality text rendering with DirectWrite. Well, I'll go back to Bitmap Font Generator from AngelCode :P

Comments | #pix #directx #direct2d Share

# Direct2D Class Diagram

May 2012

I've made class diagram for Direct2D library. Enjoy :)

Direct2D Library Class Diagram

By the way, yEd is a free editor for all kinds of graphs, including UML diagrams like this. It may not allow you to enter list of fields and methods in classes like StarUML or Visio do. It may not allow to freely draw shapes like Inkscape or OpenOffice Draw do. But for creating, editing and arranging graphs of different kinds of nodes, interconnected with different kinds of links, it is really great. I especially like the way it snaps all positions and sizes to the neighbour nodes. Commands for automatic arranging of nodes, called Layout, also look impressive. Plus it supports different file formats, including XML-based, so you can easily generate such file and then open it in yEd to visualize some data.

Comments | #yed #graphs #rendering #direct2d Share

# Direct2D - Unboxing

May 2012

Just as some bloggers record unboxing of products, I'd like to share my first impressions from playing around with Direct2D library. What is it? As you can guess from its name, it is a library from Microsoft for efficient, hardware-accelerated drawing of immediate-mode 2D graphics. It is successor of the old GDI, as well as GDI+. It is native library, object-oriented, based on COM. It works on Windows 7, as well as Windows Vista (after installing SP2 and Platform Update) and Windows 2008. The API seems modern, clean and very elegant, much like Direct3D 10/11. But of course it could be just a matter of taste. You can find its documentation, as well as headers and libraries in DirectX SDK. Docs say something about Windows 7 SDK, so probably it's there too.

What can it interop with? You can create a render target that will send the graphics to either a window (using HWND), a GDI canvas (HDC), DXGI surface (interop with Direct3D 10/11) or WIC Bitmap. Interop with GDI is also possible in the opposite way - you can obtain a HDC from D2D render target. Microsoft advices using WIC (Windows Imaging Component) for loading bitmap files. Another important library that cooperates with Direct2D is DirectWrite, which enables text rendering.

I didn't find any good tutorial about Direct2D, but I haven't look for it very hard either. I think the official documentation is good enough teaching all aspects of the library. After reviewing the documentation, I'm very impressed not only by the looks of the API, but also by the list of features is supports, like:

Things I don't like so far about the library:

My first test, drawn using following code:

using namespace D2D1;
const D2D1_SIZE_F rtSize = m_RenderTarget->GetSize();


const float gridStep = 24.f;
for(float x = gridStep; x < rtSize.width; x += gridStep)
    m_RenderTarget->DrawLine(Point2F(x, 0.f), Point2F(x, rtSize.height), m_Brush, 1.f);
for(float y = gridStep; y < rtSize.height; y += gridStep)
    m_RenderTarget->DrawLine(Point2F(0.f, y), Point2F(rtSize.width, y), m_Brush, 1.f);

m_RenderTarget->DrawRectangle(RectF(200.f, 400.f, 400.f, 550.f), m_Brush);
m_RenderTarget->DrawRectangle(RectF(240.f, 450.f, 280.f, 500.f), m_Brush);
m_RenderTarget->DrawRectangle(RectF(320.f, 450.f, 360.f, 550.f), m_Brush));
m_RenderTarget->DrawLine(Point2F(200.f, 400.f), Point2F(300.f, 300.f), m_Brush, 1.f);
m_RenderTarget->DrawLine(Point2F(300.f, 300.f), Point2F(400.f, 400.f), m_Brush, 1.f);


Comments | #rendering #direct2d Share

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